What is Trichomoniasis, a very common sexually transmitted disease that is considered an STD, is caused by infection with the primary parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis.
Most people who have the parasite do not know that they have trichomoniasis, and the symptoms of the disease differ from one person to another, and trichomoniasis is considered the most treatable among sexually transmitted diseases, and the infection is more common in women compared to men, and older women are more likely to be infected. Younger women have trichomoniasis.
What are the causes of trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis is caused by the protozoan parasite (Protozoan). Approximately 174 million people worldwide become infected with this sexually transmitted infection annually, making it the most common sexually transmitted infection.
More women than men are infected with this infection for an unknown reason, but the likely possibility is that the prostate fluid in men contains zinc harmful to the growth of the parasite that causes the disease.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis
70% of people with trichomoniasis do not have any symptoms, and if symptoms appear, they range from mild itching symptoms or may be severe, and symptoms appear 5-28 days after infection, and the main symptoms of trichomoniasis:
Trichomoniasis symptoms in women
- Itching in women, and severe vaginal burning.
- A yellowish, frothy, foul-smelling discharge.
- These secretions cause irritation and dermatitis in the adjacent skin.
- This disease is very common, but it is not dangerous because it is confined to a woman's vagina.
- Secretions that contain yellow, green, or gray fluids.
- Pain during urination, sometimes no symptoms of infection appear.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in men
Most men with the disease do not have any symptoms. The symptoms are summarized as follows:
- Excreted through the urine stream.
- Pain during urination.
- Pain and swelling in the scrotum (epididymitis).
- Itching, pain, or irritation inside the penis.
- Burning after urination or ejaculation.
- Discharge from the penis.
What is the treatment for trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis can be treated with medications (metronidazole or tinidazole), and these pills are taken by mouth for a week, and they are safe for pregnant women. Tell the doctor or nurse if you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are breastfeeding, as this may affect the treatment given to you.
Not all women are given treatment during pregnancy. The doctor or nurse will discuss the options.
It is not recommended to drink alcohol within 24 hours after taking this medicine. This is because the antibiotics used to treat trichomonas interact with alcohol and can cause severe malaise.
People who have been treated for trichomoniasis can get it again. About 1 in 5 people will get it again within 3 months after receiving treatment. To avoid infection, be sure to treat all sexual partners.
Also, wait 7-10 days for you and your partner after treatment before having sex again. It can be checked again if symptoms return.
There are many alternative medicine treatments available, but there is no scientific evidence for their use.
Home remedies such as applying hot compresses or lemon juice to the area of infection should not be used as an alternative treatment to consulting a doctor and taking antibiotics, as this may increase the spread of the infection in addition to the risk of developing another infection.