What is Salmonella, what are your chances of contracting salmonella? What are the reasons that may increase the chances of infection? How can you protect yourself? The most important thing you need to know about salmonella in the next article.
What is salmonella?
Salmonella is a common bacterial infection that may affect the intestine and digestive system in particular. Salmonella usually lives in the intestine and the body gets rid of it by excreting waste.
These can enter the body when the body comes into contact in some way with contaminated materials, such as touching contaminated waste or consuming contaminated food or drink.
Symptoms of infection
These are the most important symptoms that appear on a patient infected with salmonella:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Fever and chills.
- a headache.
- Blood in the stool
In rare cases, salmonella bacteria may cause typhoid fever, which is considered a fatal disease.
Causes of salmonella infection and risk factors
Salmonella bacteria usually live in the intestines of humans, animals, and birds, and infection often occurs when a person comes into contact with undercooked food or food contaminated with animal or bird excrement.
Causes of salmonella infection
1- Food contaminated with salmonella
Here is a list of the most important foods that may infect you with salmonella:
Raw meat, whether red meat, poultry, or seafood, meat may be contaminated with waste that contains bacteria during slaughter, or marine meat may be contaminated as a result of its presence in contaminated water.
Raw eggs that are used in the manufacture of mayonnaise, and sometimes the chicken may produce eggs contaminated with salmonella in the first place!
Contaminated vegetables and fruits, especially those that are imported, maybe irrigated or washed during processing for sale with contaminated water.
2- Certain practices against salmonella
These behaviors or practices can increase your chances of getting salmonella:
- Cut the salad on a cutting board that has liquids that came out of meat or poultry while cutting it.
- Use contaminated spices of an unknown source.
Contact with food without washing hands well after using the toilet or after changing a child's diaper.
Contact with pets or reptiles exposed to salmonella.
3- Traveling to a new country
Certain types of diseases are spread in some countries, so when you move to these countries, your chances of contracting salmonella may increase with prolonged exposure to it in your new environment.
4- Infection with certain diseases
Although the digestive juices of the stomach are one of the body's natural defenses against salmonella (for example, strong stomach acids may actually succeed in destroying salmonella), the presence of some health problems or taking certain medications may disrupt the body's necessary defenses, as in the following cases:
- Inflammatory bowel disease, which causes damage to the intestinal tissues, making them more vulnerable to damage from salmonella.
- Recent use of antibiotics, as this may reduce the number of good bacteria in the gut and reduce the ability of your gut to fight salmonella.
- Infection with health problems in the immune system, such as AIDS, sickle cell anemia, malaria.
Salmonella prevention methods
To protect yourself from injury, you must make sure to follow the following steps and rules:
- Hand washing after using the toilet, cleaning your pet, changing your child's nappy, or handling raw meat.
- Try to separate different food items in the refrigerator as much as possible.
- Use different cutting boards for salads than you would for meat.
- Avoid eating raw eggs.
- Avoid drinking unsterilized water.
- You have to wash vegetables and fruit well before eating them.
- Cook well, especially meat.