pullorum disease in chickens, when raising chickens, their owners often encounter many bird diseases. Since it is impossible to keep track of everything the birds eat, especially when the range is free, one of the most common diseases is diarrhea in laying hens. We provide information on how to deal with it.
Causes of pullorum disease in chickens
The occurrence of diarrhea in chickens or adult chickens can be caused by these factors:
- Eating poor-quality food or, on the contrary, eating excessively fortified food.
- A sudden change in diet (from grains to greens and back).
- Seasonal (spring) vitamins.
- Chickens remain in a contaminated house, which is especially dangerous for young animals.
- Extreme stress or hypothermia.
These are diseases that are contagious to birds, the most common of which are:
Salmonella. Most of them are susceptible to chicks, and diarrhea is one of the main symptoms.
Pasteur Ella (it is bird cholera). It is usually diagnosed in adult birds, and is difficult to treat - affected individuals are often slaughtered.
pull Oroz that may occur regardless of age. The insidiousness of this disease is that it often turns into a chronic form, which requires constant and intensive care for broilers. Another feature - polycythemia, like salmonellosis, is transmitted to humans.
Parasitic trichomonas’s, otherwise known as blackheads disease.
Correctly diagnosed - the key to successful treatment, and therefore the most convenient is the delivery of the litter in the veterinary laboratory. This will clarify the cause of the disease, characterize the pathology with similar symptoms and prescribe treatment.
But in practice, the owners of birds do not always turn to specialists: it happens that there is no veterinarian nearby, and the situation requires an urgent solution.
Brown diarrhea in chickens
After you notice the effects of dark brown diarrhea, pay attention to the bird - broilers are likely to develop acute gastro enteropathy. It is recognized by:
- Mobility - the hen is sharp and barely moving, and its feathers are exposed.
- Lack of or complete lack of appetite.
- Constant thirst
- A change in the color of the comb (it turns pale or blue).
- Abundant mucus from the nostrils.
- The presence of blood fragments in the remains.
Yellow and green diarrhea in chickens
These coloring liquid droppings usually indicate feeding errors:
- If there is light green diarrhea, the cause is poor wetness.
- It often appears dark shades of green secretions during a sharp transition from grain feeding to green.
- Yellow stools are noticeable when mixtures of low-quality cereals and animal feed are used.
How to treat pullorum
The arsenal of tools used is very wide. The most popular of them are these compositions:
Chloramphenicol. It is used in the fight against salmonellosis. Reception is carried out at a rate of 30-50 mg/kg of body weight, three times a day.
Koktsidin. From the name, it is clear that it is taken to treat diarrhea caused by coccidiosis. Within 3-5 days, 250 mg of this powder is added to 1 kg of feed, after which the dose is reduced to 125 (this rate is maintained for another week). Analogs of the drug - xolyn and sulfadiazine.
Furazolidone. His "specialty" is the treatment of pharyngitis and pasteurization. The dosage depends on age. For example, chickens up to 10 days old pour 0.02 mg in the feed (this is for every 10 individuals), while young animals up to 2 weeks old need 0.03 mg. The adult rate is 0.04 mg.
Metronidazole from histoplasmosis. Formulate in feed for 5 days (20-25 mg/kg live weight).
Biomitsin. This is the most versatile tool. It is diluted in water at a rate of 1 mg / 1 liter or injected intramuscularly (2-3 mg per 2 injections with water.