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What is erysipelas in pigs

erysipelas in pigs What is erysipelas in pigs

Treat erysipelas in pigs, pig erysipelas is one of the most common and dangerous diseases that not only affect pigs, but also affect residents of other farms: sheep, horses, and poultry.

 

The disease spreads very quickly, and in a short time, you can lose all the livestock. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify the disease in time and take the necessary measures. To do this, you need to know what a mug looks like in a pig and deal with it.

 

Causes of erysipelas in pigs

The main source of the causative agent of Areciplus is diseased animals that excrete pathogenic microbes with feces and urine. The pathogen persists for a long time in the soil, compost, slaughter products, carcasses, etc. Infection occurs through water, food, and care materials.

 

What does erysipelas mean

The pathogen is also transmitted by parasitic insects, rodents, and birds. Since erysipelas is primarily a soil infection, this leads to the seasonality of the disease, and outbreaks occur only in the warm season.

 

In addition, the majority of healthy pigs are carriers of bacteria, in a latent form of bacteria, erysipelas is often concentrated in the tonsils and intestines.

 

As a result of stress, weakness of the body, with an unbalanced diet (lack of protein), especially because of the high temperature caused by other causes, these bacteria can lead to disease.

 

Therefore, local outbreaks of this disease on farms often occur without external pathogens. In this case, more than a third of pigs usually do not get sick, and the mortality rate is 55-80%.

 

The main symptoms and course of the disease

The incubation period ranges from one to eight days, and sometimes longer. Then the course of the disease can be destructive, subacute, acute, or chronic.

 

Lightning fast

The fulminant disease is rare. Mostly in pigs between the ages of 7 and 10 months with poor maintenance or during transportation. The disease manifests itself greatly.

 

Weakness and depression come on quickly, and the temperature rises sharply. This is accompanied by acute heart failure. The spots do not appear on the skin. Everything ends with the death of an animal within a few hours.

 

Sharp

The acute form is more common and, as a rule, is accompanied by a blood infection. It begins with a sharp deterioration in the condition of the pig, with a sudden increase in temperature to 42 ° C and higher.

 

The animal weakens quickly, moves a little, lie more. Gait becomes "wooden". The pig stops eating, constipation, and vomiting begin.

 

Heart failure leading to pulmonary edema. This can be seen with difficulty breathing and blue skin under the jaw and neck.

 

The typical pale pink and then red spots appear on the first and second day only in some animals. Without treatment and care, the pig will likely die on the second and fourth days.

 

Subacute

It happens most of the time. It begins with a different rash that looks like hives. There is swelling. Enlarged lymph nodes. The temperature rises to 41 degrees Celsius.

 

The animal becomes lethargic and lethargic, stops eating and drinks a lot of water, and tries to retire. After a day, square, round or diamond-shaped spots appear on the skin, which turns faded when pressed. The disease lasts from two days to a week and, as a rule, ends in recovery.

 

How can erysipelas be transmitted

Rapid clinical diagnosis of acute or subacute rye faces is based on the typical rash and spots, in addition to other signs of the disease.

 

Can erysipelas be cured

For the successful treatment of this disease, both symptoms and special therapy are used in combination. The duration of treatment for erysipelas in pigs is from 5 to 7 days.


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