What is ampicillin used for, ampicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic, known since 1966, used to treat a number of infections.
Like other penicillin antibiotics, Ampicillin is effective in treating infections (infections) of the nose, ear, and throat, contamination of the airways, urinary cystitis, mild gonorrhea, and some types of contamination of the skin and soft tissues.
When given by injection in large doses, ampicillin is most effective in treating difficult infections, such as pericarditis and meningitis. It can also be used to treat cholangitis (bile ducts and typhoid fever.
What does ampicillin treat?
In some cases, ampicillin may be used to treat gastrointestinal infection (inflammation) caused by Salmonella or Shigella bacteria, but these germs become, over time, immune to the drug.
And just as it can happen with any other type of penicillin antibiotic, so also ampicillin may provoke a severe allergic reaction that causes fever, swelling of the mouth and tongue, itching, and shortness of breath.
Classification of the drug ampicillin active substance:
Penicillin drug classification:
- Pharmacological class: Sexual diseases.
- Pharmacological family: penicillin.
The pharmacological effect of ampicillin
- An antibiotic that has a broad spectrum of bacterial action.
- Active against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
The pharmaceutical form of treatment with ampicillin
Each capsule contains 250 or 500 mg of penicillin.
Indications for use of ampicillin
Ampicillin is used to treat:
- Urinary tract infection.
- Inflammation of the middle ear.
- Acquired pneumonia without complications transmission.
- Infection with His Highness.
- Skin and soft tissue diseases.
- Skin and wound infection.
- Diseases of the female reproductive system such as cervicitis, fallopian tube inflammation, and ovarian infection.
Dosage for ampicillin capsules
The dosage varies according to the disease condition and the extent of its response to the patient, for which the drug is being taken, under the advice of a doctor.
Usual adult dose:
The patient takes a 500 mg capsule every 6 hours.
Usual pediatric dose:
The dosage of the drug is determined based on several factors: the type of infection, the child's weight, the response to the treatment, and the child's general health condition.
It is recommended to take the medicine with an appropriate amount of water and half an hour before eating, or two hours after eating, so that the medicine is working properly in the body.
Even if the symptoms disappear after a few days, the drug should not be stopped suddenly, as stopping the drug early, may allow the bacteria to continue to grow, leading to a relapse of the patient.