Lymphoid leukosis means, acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a cancerous disease that results in the uncontrolled division of cancer cells, and the cells are white blood cells called lymphoblasts.
This is the most common leukemia (leukemia) in children and constitutes 20% of all different types of leukemia in adults.
In recent years, methods of diagnosis and treatment of leukemia have been developed. Today, two-thirds of children and between a quarter to half of the adults are cured of acute lymphocytic leukemia.
The prevalence of lymphocytic leukemia in the United States is 1: 100,000 and is more common in males. We find a greater proportion of children under the age of five years. As for over the age of 35, there is a slight increase in the prevalence of lymphocytic leukemia and another sharp increase after the age of 80.
What does Lymphoid Leukosis mean
The lymphocytic leukemia is classified into subgroups according to the results of the tests. The classification is for T or B type acute leukemia, and each of these groups is classified into other subgroups according to the stage of growth the original cancer cell is in.
The chromosomal defect (chromosome) of greatest importance in predicting a more difficult disease is the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome, which results from the substitution of segments between chromosomes 9 and 22.
Symptoms of acute lymphocytic leukemia
The majority of symptoms that appear in the disease are due to bone marrow failure and include:
Paleness of the skin
- Asthenia and fatigue due to anemia (low hemoglobin level).
- Signs of bleeding due to thrombocytopenia (thrombocytopenia).
- Infections are due to neutropenia, that is, a low level of white blood cells.
In addition, there are symptoms that indicate the disease has spread to other organs such as the lymph nodes, liver, or spleen. The disease can spread to the central nervous system.
How can Lymphoid Leukosis transmit
A clear cause has not yet been discovered, which can be indicated as a causative agent of acute lymphocytic leukemia.
When lymphocytic leukemia appears, it is possible to know if the patient is in the risk group for a more serious disease, and thus determine appropriate treatment.
How to diagnose Lymphoid Leukosis
Diagnosis of lymphocytic leukemia is based on the shape of cells in a microscope (morphology), and an examination of cancer markers (markers) and chromosomes in cancer cells
Treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia
A new treatment for acute leukemia is to restore the bone marrow to carry out its functions as soon as possible, chemotherapy and preventive radiotherapy for the central nervous system to prevent the spread of the disease, treatment to get rid of the remaining disease, and treatment to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Treatment for acute lymphocytic leukemia includes supportive therapy, chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant if needed.