Treating fowl pox disease, a slow-spread viral disease that affects chickens, turkeys, and many other types of birds, the disease is characterized by pathological lesions in the skin that do not have feathers in the area of the head, neck, legs, or a diphtheria lesion in the upper part of the digestive and respiratory system, the disease occurs At all ages, except for newly hatched chicks.
Treating fowl pox disease
Smallpox disease is caused by a large virus of the type (DNA). There are several strains of this virus that have been isolated and the names of the birds that infect them have been given:
- Turkey pox.
- Pigeon pox.
- Canary pox.
Recovery from infection results in a strong and long-lasting immunity to infection with the same virus. In chickens the successful vaccination is usually very effective in preventing smallpox infection.
The virus is found in the pathogenic lesion and in the scaly scales. It is resistant to natural conditions and remains in the external environment for several months.
The poxvirus stimulates the production of the inclusion bodies in the affected epithelial cells, and these containment bodies in the cytoplasm are large and are simply noticed when performing a histological examination of the lesion areas.
Methods of transmission of fowl pox
The crust that falls on the bed contains the virus, and this virus remains in the vicinity of the chickens and can infect susceptible chickens later on, by entering the skin through simple scratches.
Infection can occur through the respiratory system by inhaling the scales and feathers that contain the virus.
Some types of mosquitoes and other types of blood-sucking ectoparasites can transmit the virus to susceptible chickens.
Mosquitoes may remain a vector for several weeks, usually, when the disease is transmitted by mosquitoes, the infection is rapid.
Clinical signs of fowl pox disease
In chickens, the infection is gradual, and the disease may pass without notice. The disease pests are multiple and clear in the flock, the disease spreads slowly and the infection may last for several weeks.
Diagnosis of fowl pox
The appearance of skin lesions raises suspicion of smallpox, and the infection can be confirmed by detecting the inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of infected cells by means of a histological examination and staining them with hematoxylin-eosin stain.
Embryo injection creates patches on the outermost membrane of the embryo, and these spots contain inclusion bodies when examined by tissue.
Control of chickenpox disease
- It is possible to prevent smallpox disease in chickens and other birds by means of insemination before sufficient time before production.
- Pigeon pox vaccine is widely used to vaccinate chickens nowadays.
- Vaccination occurs a small lesion indicating that chickens have taken the vaccine at the vaccination site, it is called vaccination, so a good sample of the vaccinated chickens must be examined around the day (5-7) after infestation, you must notice this small lesion on a large proportion of the vaccinated chicken, otherwise it must be repeated Pollination.
- Do not feed broilers unless there is a problem with the disease in the area.
- The procedure of cutting beaks to control the phenomenon of predation and reduce the intensity of lighting reduces the spread of diseases.
Treating fowl pox disease
There is no cure for smallpox, but it is preferable to give some antibiotics, especially those that affect Gram-positive germs such as Ampicillin or Amoxicillin to reduce complications with these germs. In individual cases, skin lesions may also be placed or wiped with an iodine-alcoholic solution.