Tapeworms in animals, tapeworms are a nightmare for many, but do you know what they are exactly and what are the causes and symptoms of infection? Do you know how to deal with this injury? Here is all the information on this topic.
What is a tapeworm?
Tapeworms are tape-like intestinal parasites.
A tapeworm cannot live alone, meaning that it needs to live inside the animal, including humans, in order to be able to survive.
Usually, tapeworm eggs enter the human body through the animal, that is, through food, especially raw or undercooked meat.
A person can also become infected with a tapeworm through contact with animal feces or contaminated water.
Causes of a tapeworm infection
Tapeworm infection is usually caused by:
- Pork tapeworm: called a single tapeworm.
- Beef tapeworm: called beef tapeworm.
- Dwarf tapeworm.
- Fish stripe.
Where do tapeworms come from
As for the methods of infection with the tapeworm, they include:
- Ingestion of tapeworm eggs: through food, water, or soil contaminated with the feces of an infected animal.
- Eating infected meat or fish: If the meat or fish contains cysts of larvae, and if they are not cooked well, these larvae can reach the intestine, where they grow and grow to become a tapeworm.
Transfer from one person to another:
The dwarf tapeworm can be transmitted from an infected person to another healthy person, and it is the only tapeworm that completes its life cycle in a single host. This worm is also one of the most common species among humans.
Transmission from insect to the person:
Some insects can capture the eggs of the tapeworm and transmit them to humans. This method of infection with the tapeworm is common in countries and regions that lack hygiene.
The enemy of the soul:
It is intended here to infect the tapeworm again. A person can become infected again with a tapeworm if he does not follow the rules of hygiene properly.
Symptoms of a tapeworm infection
Usually, a person infected with a tapeworm does not show any symptoms, and if they do appear they are mild and may be thought to be caused by another health problem.
If symptoms do appear, they differ according to the type of tapeworm, and they include:
- Eggs, larva, or parts of a tapeworm in the stool.
- Pain in the abdomen, especially in the upper part.
- Intestinal obstruction may occur.
- Nausea and feeling tired.
- Inflammation of the intestine, which causes diarrhea.
- Dehydration may result from diarrhea.
- Weight loss and appetite.
- Trouble sleeping.
- Dizziness and difficulty maintaining balance.
- Malnutrition caused by the tapeworm's ingestion of important minerals in the body.
- Deficiency in vitamin B12 in some rare cases.
Treating a tapeworm infection
It should be noted that treating the tapeworm larva is more difficult than treating the adult tapeworm, as the former can be transmitted in different parts of the body, unlike the adult that takes the gastrointestinal tract home.
When diagnosing a tapeworm infection, the doctor may prescribe some medications aimed at fighting and eliminating the adult tapeworm.
Usually, the doctor prescribes drugs that help the victim to have a bowel movement in order to pass the tapeworm, so that the stool is examined every 1-3 months after starting to take this medicine.