Infectious Bursal Disease, mange in dogs is a common skin disease, and it is highly contagious among dogs. So what is the treatment for scabies and how to prevent it?
Sarcoptic mange is referred to as a disease, and it is different from the other type called red scabies, or Demodex.
Infection with scabies occurs in dogs due to the Sarcoptes scabiei insect, the female of this insect has the ability to penetrate the surface crust of the skin, and then lay eggs, which hatch to release the larva, which digs tunnels for movement, causing inflammation, irritation, itching or severe scratching.
Scratches resulting from severe scratching in dogs' scabies are the main cause of transmission of the infection to different places of the body quickly, and hair loss in the affected body parts.
Symptoms appear in most affected dogs, but some cases remain a carrier of the disease and contribute to its transmission without showing signs of disease.
Scabies disease is one of the diseases that have high chances of successful treatment, but it is very common for other dogs, and to a lesser extent for humans and cats. Therefore, the isolation of an injured dog is necessary until the end of treatment.
The preferred host for the insect is dogs, and usually, the infection does not continue in any other host, whether humans or cats, for each of them has different other causes for cases of scabies that last longer than that.
How is scabies infection transmitted?
The infection is transmitted through the exposure of healthy dogs to the affected dog. The scabies insect has the ability to move quickly from one animal to another.
Dog pools, farms, shelters, grooming equipment for dogs, and veterinary clinics are all places where contact with infected dogs can occur.
This type of scabies affects dogs of all ages and all types and breeds of dogs.
Symptoms usually begin 2 to 6 weeks after exposure.
Symptoms of scabies in dogs
- Symptoms usually start in this type in the areas of the tips of the ears and the upper thighs and then spread to different areas.
- Itching, severe itching.
- Scratches due to scratching in various parts of the body, and sometimes causing wounds.
- Skin rash.
- Formation of crusts in affected areas.
- Hair loss.
How is the diagnosis made?
- Other causes of similar symptoms such as food allergy, insect allergy, bacterial dermatitis, red scabies, and fungi should be excluded.
- Symptoms and apparent detection are sometimes sufficient, especially before the disease has spread throughout the body.
- Seeing the insect under a microscope in a skin and hair sample. Usually, the doctor will scratch the skin at the places where the scalpel has been injured until some blood begins. He may also take more than one sample from different places of injury.
- Confirming the diagnosis, even with skin samples, remains difficult at times, so the doctor will often start treatment in the event of symptoms even with negative results.
Treatment for scabies in dogs
- There are many topical medications that work to kill the scabies insect directly, treatment with scabies medication is sufficient in this type in many cases.
- Sometimes you should add showering with anti-scab shampoos that will kill the insect.
- Most medications do not destroy scabies eggs, so continued treatment after the symptoms have ended is important.
- In some cases, oral scabies medications are called for, especially with insect resistance or cases that cover most of the body.
- The use of some insecticides, such as Revolution, Advocate, can greatly speed up treatment.
- Secondary bacterial skin infections that occur as a result of severe scratching should be treated.
- Success in stopping itching or scratching with anti-allergies helps reduce the spread of the disease, speed treatment, and prevent secondary bacterial infection. Some cases do not respond to allergy medications.
- Antibiotics in the event of bacterial infection, whether local or oral, depending on the progression of the condition.
- The response to treatment varies greatly from case to case, depending on the condition of the body, and also the scabies insect formation of resistance to some types of drugs.
- In most cases, the treatment lasts between 4-8 weeks.
- Isolation of the affected dog from healthy dogs is important, scabies disease is very fast spread among dogs.
- Also, deal carefully with the infected dog and cleanse the hands constantly because of the chances of infection being transmitted to humans.
- Unlike most types of external parasites such as ticks and fleas, the scabies insect cannot stay away from the dog's body for a long time except for a few weeks, so cleansing the environment is not important so that the infection does not occur again, but it may help a little in the speed of treatment.
- The recurrence of infection and the recurrence of symptoms after the end of treatment depends mainly on the state of the dog's immune system.