Treat omphalitis in chicks, omphalitis in chicks is one of the most important factors causing the phenomenon of premature death in chicks, as this negatively affects the poultry industry, causing severe economic losses on the poultry sector, and omphalitis appears as infections around the navel in chicks. Newborn hatching during the first week of life with swelling in the abdomen and inflammation of the yolk sac and this inflammation may extend to the chest and abdomen.
What does omphalitis mean
Mortality usually appears to be higher during the first days of life, as bacterial infection occurs immediately after hatching, and germs are transferred to chicks from contaminated hatcheries as well. Infection with omphalitis is considered a non-infectious infection, where the mortality rate of chicks ranges from 10 to 30%.
Causes of omphalitis:
There are many reasons that cause omphalitis in chicks, such as:
- Failure to disinfect and fumigate eggs well with formalin, as their shell is contaminated with glaucoma, which carries some bacteria that seep into the eggs through the pores in the shell.
- Infection may occur through contaminated tools and equipment in hatcheries, as well as lack of interest in disinfection and cleaning of hatcheries in preparation for receiving eggs before hatching, as these conditions constitute the appropriate environment for the growth of microbes and germs such as salmonella, Escherichia coli, and streptococcus and streptococcus microbes.
- The high temperature of the cellars with severe bacterial contamination.
- The mothers who produce the hatching eggs are infected with some bacteria that are transmitted to the eggs, and infection occurs and the navel fails to heal.
Symptoms of infection with omphalitis in chicks:
The diagnosis of this disease depends on the date of its appearance in the chicks during the first days of life, where the symptoms appear immediately after hatching and during the first days of life, where the affected chicks become weak and lethargic and their growth stops and they do not get nutrients or antibiotics from the infected yolk sac. It collects around the heating sources as well as the presence of moisture in the navel area.
Non-healing of the umbilical opening occurs with the presence of inflammation that may extend to the chest and abdomen, where the color of the skin around the navel changes and wanders to blue color and the abdomen swells with the presence of bad-smelling gases and a large part of the yolk sac is located inside the abdominal cavity and its contents change to color Green or brown and becomes easily torn with the presence of clay material. This may be accompanied by a blockage of the orifice of the collector, leading to the accumulation of glaucoma and the chicks to die.
How to diagnose omphalitis
Purchase of chicks from reliable companies and sources, as it is ensured that hatcheries follow appropriate disinfection systems for tools, equipment, and hatchery machines.
Following strict sterilization methods for the tools and equipment of the hatcheries, where it is preferable to use clean and disinfected boxes in preparation for transporting the chicks to the farm.
How to prevent omphalitis
- Disinfection of hatcheries using formalin and potassium permanganate before and after laying hatching eggs
- Take appropriate preventive measures such as following biosecurity measures inside the farms in preparation for the transfer of chicks to it.
- Attention to keeping the chicks warm and avoiding temperature differences during the process of transporting the chicks and avoiding exposure of the chicks to cold.
- Precise control of temperature and humidity.
- Use the suitable dry brush for breeding.
- Use a balanced diet that contains probiotics and vitamins.
How to Treat omphalitis in chicks
In the beginning, it is preferable to exclude infected chicks, as during the first days of life it is necessary to use strong, broad-spectrum antibiotics to eliminate the various bacteria in the case of suspected omphalitis, such as enrofloxacin, colistin, ciprofloxacin, neomycin, and ampicillin, and it is preferable to perform an allergy test first. To avoid the absence of resistance of the bacteria to the used antibiotics.