How to treat African horse sickness, an acute or subacute viral disease always fatal, transmitted to horses by insects, The virus is found in the cells lining the blood vessels in the lung, causing damage and edema of the lung as well as causing fever and edema of subcutaneous tissue.
There are no distinct lesions during microscopy except for some perivascular lymphopenia in the lung, bleeding, and myocarditis.
African horse sickness
The acute or subacute viral disease, always fatal, transmitted to horses by insects, characterized by fever and edema of the subcutaneous tissue and lung.
Reason for African horse sickness:
African horse sickness A two-stranded ribose virus.
- Family: Reoviridae
- Genus: orbivirus
- Nine strains of African horse disease viruses.
Horses, mules, donkeys, and striped donkeys.
moving in :
Mosquito Culicoides sp
The incubation period :
7 to 14 days.
- Fever from 38.9 to 41.1 m.
- Viral blood lasts for 4 to 9 days during a fever and causes insect infection.
- The virus is found in the cells lining the blood vessels in the lung, causing damage and edema of the lung.
- The virus is found in the lymph nodes, spleen, lungs, and blood.
- Few viruses come out with secretions and secretions.
Pulmonary form (peracute):
- Fever, peaking from 40 to 41.1 m.
- Increased breathing rate.
- Foams appear from the nostrils as a result of pulmonary edema.
- The animal dies quickly.
Cardiac form (subacute):
- The incubation period is longer than the pulmonary form.
- The fever (38.9--41.4) lasts 3 to 6 days.
- The head and neck swell when the fever is over.
African horse sickness shows subcutaneous tissue in the following areas:
- Supraorbital fossa.
- the tongue.
- The space between the jaws.
- the chest.
- Below the rib cage.
- There is no edema in the legs.
- His two pins bleed on the abdominal surface of the tongue and conjunctiva.
- Lung edema.
- The animal is exhausted and dies.