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Coliform bacteria in birds & poultry

Coliform bacteria in birds & poultry

 

Escherichia coli, commonly known as E.coli, is a bacterium that lives naturally in the digestive system of certain bird species.  For example, Ecole is part of the intestinal bacterial flora of healthy chickens and pigeons.  As for healthy songbirds, such as canary, icule is not considered a major part of the bacterial components of its intestines.

  1. coli bacteria are transmitted through drinking water, food, furniture and contaminated bird supplies, and inhaling air contaminated with bacteria in places crowded with birds that lack ventilation. Moreover, there are several factors that help activate the activity of ekule within the digestive system, such as changing the food pattern of the bird or its exposure to stress due to movement in vehicles and trucks, or extreme fluctuation in temperature.  In chicken birds, the infection is usually transmitted in the winter, when it is housed in the cold, in the place of its raising.

Read more about another poultry diseases

 

 Forms of E. coli bacteria: acute and chronic

 Acute inflammation is a major inflammation in the blood that is difficult to diagnose and treat, and is very serious and symptoms are severe and widespread and may include several functional devices such as the respiratory, intestinal, reproductive and joints.  Bacteria directly enter the bloodstream and poison them after penetrating the intestine walls, and they can suddenly kill adult birds and their chicks.  The most common birds prone to infection with acute E.coli are Macaw birds, Australian finch birds such as zebra and golden finch, and birds that are trapped in groups, especially pigeons and budgie birds.

 Diagnosis is very difficult in situ, and symptoms are many and severe, including diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss and sudden death - as many other diseases

 

Coliform bacteria in birds

As for the chronic E. coli bacteria that stay with the infected for a long period of time, they are more common in canaries, finch and pigeons.  There are no specific symptoms of adult canary and finch birds, but generally they range from feathers blowing, frustration, extreme fatigue, loss of energy and appetite, inflammation of the intestine, and diarrhea (it may be brown), and in some birds symptoms appear  Such as conjunctivitis (white eye layer), nasal mucositis, and death.  In the bathroom, bacteria can kill chicks from 3 to 5 days.  As for the parents, they usually do not show any symptoms, and their chicks tolerate the disease and are affected and die from it.

 As for the symptoms of the disease in canary and finch chicks, they are diarrhea (yellowish color), dehydration, general weakness, weight loss, less growth in chicks and increased chance of dying from the age of 1 to 3 days due to weakened immunity.  Bird's nest, mother's wings and chicks will appear sticky, wet, dirty, and yellow-colored due to diarrhea.

 

 Treatment of E. coli bacteria

 Antibiotics that may be successful in treating E. coli bacteria include, but are not limited to, the following medicines Like 

-Neomycin sulphate

-Doxycycline Hydrochloride


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